Stingray / Jellyfish
Stingrays are bottom dwellers found partially buried in shallow sandy waters during the temperate summer months. They are flat fish with eyes and nostrils on the top side of their bodies and their mouths and gills are on the under-side.
The stingray’s defense mechanism is camouflage, but if stepped on, it will sting. The stinging mechanism is composed of the tail, one or more barbed spines on the tail, and the venom on the spine. When the stingray is at rest the spine is flat against the tail.
The spine is 1 to 1.5 inches long and made of a hard tooth like material. The spine has many small barbs or serrations like small fish hooks going opposite the direction of the point of the spine. The spine is housed in a thin sheath which encases a mixture of venom and mucus.